Date
Jul. 19th, 2024
 
2024年 6月 14日

Post: MIME Type 浅析

MIME Type 浅析

Published 12:09 Sep 22, 2008.

Created by @ezra. Categorized in #Programming.

Source format: Markdown

Table of Content

最近有人问我关于 MIME type 是什么的问题,事实上做过 HTML 的同学们应该会比较熟悉。我在这里做一个简单的说明。

什么是 MIME Type

MIME typeMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions 的缩写,最初用来标识邮件 E-mail 附件的类型,现在用来表示了互联网媒体类型(Internet Media Type),能包含视频、图像、文本、音频、应用程序等数据。

Type 与 Subtype

MIME TypeTypeSubtype 两个概念,它们以 Type/Subtype 的格式进行组合,其中 Type共有下面几种:

Text用于标准化地表示的文本信息,文本消息可以是多种字符集和或者多种格式的
Multipart用于连接消息体的多个部分构成一个消息,这些部分可以是不同类型的数据
Application用于传输应用程序数据或者二进制数据
Message用于包装一个 E-mail 消息
Image用于传输静态图片数据
Audio用于传输音频或者音声数据
Video用于传输动态影像数据,可以是与音频编辑在一起的视频数据格式

MIME Type 列举

MIME Type扩展名
application/envoyevy
application/fractalsfif
application/futuresplashspl
application/htahta
application/internet-property-streamacx
application/mac-binhex40hqx
application/msworddoc
application/msworddot
application/octet-stream*
application/octet-streambin
application/octet-streamclass
application/octet-streamdms
application/octet-streamexe
application/octet-streamlha
application/octet-streamlzh
application/odaoda
application/olescriptaxs
application/pdfpdf
application/pics-rulesprf
application/pkcs10p10
application/pkix-crlcrl
application/postscript╮(╯▽╰)╭
application/postscripteps
application/postscriptps
application/rtfrtf
application/set-payment-initiationsetpay
application/set-registration-initiationsetreg
application/vnd.ms-excelxla
application/vnd.ms-excelxlc
application/vnd.ms-excelxlm
application/vnd.ms-excelxls
application/vnd.ms-excelxlt
application/vnd.ms-excelxlw
application/vnd.ms-outlookmsg
application/vnd.ms-pkicertstoresst
application/vnd.ms-pkiseccatcat
application/vnd.ms-pkistlstl
application/vnd.ms-powerpointpot
application/vnd.ms-powerpointpps
application/vnd.ms-powerpointppt
application/vnd.ms-projectmpp
application/vnd.ms-workswcm
application/vnd.ms-workswdb
application/vnd.ms-workswks
application/vnd.ms-workswps
application/winhlphlp
application/x-bcpiobcpio
application/x-cdfcdf
application/x-compressz
application/x-compressedtgz
application/x-cpiocpio
application/x-cshcsh
application/x-directordcr
application/x-directordir
application/x-directordxr
application/x-dvidvi
application/x-gtargtar
application/x-gzipgz
application/x-hdfhdf
application/x-internet-signupins
application/x-internet-signupisp
application/x-iphoneiii
application/x-javascriptjs
application/x-latexlatex
application/x-msaccessmdb
application/x-mscardfilecrd
application/x-msclipclp
application/x-msdownloaddll
application/x-msmediaviewm13
application/x-msmediaviewm14
application/x-msmediaviewmvb
application/x-msmetafilewmf
application/x-msmoneymny
application/x-mspublisherpub
application/x-msschedulescd
application/x-msterminaltrm
application/x-mswritewri
application/x-netcdfcdf
application/x-netcdfnc
application/x-perfmonpma
application/x-perfmonpmc
application/x-perfmonpml
application/x-perfmonpmr
application/x-perfmonpmw
application/x-pkcs12p12
application/x-pkcs12pfx
application/x-pkcs7-certificatesp7b
application/x-pkcs7-certificatesspc
application/x-pkcs7-certreqrespp7r
application/x-pkcs7-mimep7c
application/x-pkcs7-mimep7m
application/x-pkcs7-signaturep7s
application/x-shsh
application/x-sharshar
application/x-shockwave-flashswf
application/x-stuffitsit
application/x-sv4cpiosv4cpio
application/x-sv4crcsv4crc
application/x-tartar
application/x-tcltcl
application/x-textex
application/x-texinfotexi
application/x-texinfotexinfo
application/x-troffroff
application/x-trofft
application/x-trofftr
application/x-troff-manman
application/x-troff-meme
application/x-troff-msms
application/x-ustarustar
application/x-wais-sourcesrc
application/x-x509-ca-certcer
application/x-x509-ca-certcrt
application/x-x509-ca-certder
application/ynd.ms-pkipkopko
application/zipzip
audio/basicau
audio/basicsnd
audio/midmid
audio/midrmi
audio/mpegmp3
audio/x-aiffaif
audio/x-aiffaifc
audio/x-aiffaiff
audio/x-mpegurlm3u
audio/x-pn-realaudiora
audio/x-pn-realaudioram
audio/x-wavwav
image/bmpbmp
image/cis-codcod
image/gifgif
image/iefief
image/jpegjpe
image/jpegjpeg
image/jpegjpg
image/pipegjfif
image/svg+xmlsvg
image/tifftif
image/tifftiff
image/x-cmu-rasterras
image/x-cmxcmx
image/x-iconico
image/x-portable-anymappnm
image/x-portable-bitmappbm
image/x-portable-graymappgm
image/x-portable-pixmapppm
image/x-rgbrgb
image/x-xbitmapxbm
image/x-xpixmapxpm
image/x-xwindowdumpxwd
message/rfc822mht
message/rfc822mhtml
message/rfc822nws
text/css https://www.dreamdu.comcss
text/h323323
text/htmlhtm
text/htmlhtml
text/htmlstm
text/iulsuls
text/plainbas
text/plainc
text/plainh
text/plaintxt
text/richtextrtx
text/scriptletsct
text/tab-separated-valuestsv
text/webviewhtmlhtt
text/x-componenthtc
text/x-setextetx
text/x-vcardvcf
video/mpegmp2
video/mpegmpa
video/mpegmpe
video/mpegmpeg
video/mpegmpg
video/mpegmpv2
video/quicktimemov
video/quicktimeqt
video/x-la-asflsf
video/x-la-asflsx
video/x-ms-asfasf
video/x-ms-asfasr
video/x-ms-asfasx
video/x-msvideoavi
video/x-sgi-moviemovie
x-world/x-vrmlflr
x-world/x-vrmlvrml
x-world/x-vrmlwrl
x-world/x-vrmlwrz
x-world/x-vrmlxaf
x-world/x-vrmlxof
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